Redoubt 1

The British defenses around Yorktown were designed by Lt. Alexander Sutherland and approved by Lord Cornwallis.  The plans called for redoubts and batteries connected by trenches and parapets in a line encircling the town.  Immediately around Yorktown there were eight redoubts plus the “Horn Work.  Redoubt Number 1 was located between Martiau and Buckner Streets.  It was in front of the British line, detached, and pointed to the northwest.  It seems to have been part of Lots 1 and 4 and possibly Lots 2 and 5 as well.

Redoubt 1 is no longer visible, yet could be reconstructed as French maps and examples of other redoubts have been reconstructed as useful examples for restoration.  York County owns all but Lot 5, where Redoubt 1 was located.  Careful archaeological study of the area would accurately locate the redoubt as well as other possibly significant structures of our Revolutionary past.

1. 113 Martiau St – 0.5 acres – York County – Assessment $272,300 (Lot 1)

2. 115 Martiau St – 0.52 acres – York County – Assessment $285,300 (Lot 2)

3. 101 Main St – 0.47 acres – York County – Assessment  $402,700 (with improvements) (Lot 3)

4. 110/114 Buckner St – 0.25/0.24 acres – York County – Assessments $206,900/$202,800 (Lot 4)

5. 118 Buckner St – 0.5 acres – Carlton’s Etux Abbott – Assessment $304,900 (Lot 5)

6. 109 Main St – 0.49 acres – York County – Assessment $256,100 (Lot 6)

Lots 1-6 in Yorktown

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The overlapped photos below are scaled images of the block mentioned above and that of Redoubt 9 located southeast of the National Park Service Visitor Center.

Comparison of Redoubt 1 Location with Redoubt 9 Image